President Uhuru Kenyatta has, this evening, nominated Hillary
Mutyambai as the new Inspector General of Police
Mutyambai now replaces Joseph Boinnet
who has since been appointed the Chief Administrative Secretary (CAS) in the
Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife.
Sources had earlier
indicated that Mr. Joseph Koech, a senior official at the N.I.S was the one to
be appointed as the IG but the President has decided on Hillary Mutyambai as the
best suited candidate.
He now awaits vetting
Here is Executive Order No. 4 of 2019 nominating Mutyambai
A world free of tuberculosis (TB) is possible by 2045 if increased political will and financial resources are directed towards priority areas, a new study has shown.
Some of the suggested interventions include increasing research to develop new ways to diagnose, treat and prevent the infectious disease.
But funding this response, the Lancet Commission on TB report says, will require substantial investments and accountability mechanisms to ensure that promises to eliminate TB are kept and targets are reached.
As the World TB Day is marked today under the theme “It’s time”, scientists are exploring new interventions and innovations to ensure that cases of the disease are not only detected and treated, but also that patients adhere to their medication.
The Health ministry has launched a four-year national strategic plan for tuberculosis, leprosy and lung disease (2019-2023), aimed at enabling the diagnosis of at least 597,000 people with TB by 2023, in addition to providing preventive therapy to at least 900,000 Kenyans who are at risk of infection.
In a couple of weeks, the government will also rollout a new test meant to help detect tuberculosis in people who do not show symptoms of the disease.
The test will mainly be carried out in rural areas where many people are not diagnosed early enough.
“Often, whenever people cough, they delay going to hospital to find out if what they have is a common cold or TB. For some, it is the long distance to, or lack of a health facility, that just puts them off. That is why we are taking care to them,” the ministry says.
When a person with infectious TB coughs or sneezes, droplets containing the TB bacteria known as mycobacterium tuberculosis are released into the air.
According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), if another person inhales air containing these droplets, they can get infected.
“However, not everyone infected with the bacteria becomes sick. As a result, two TB-related conditions exist: Latent TB infection and TB disease,” CDC notes.
People with latent TB infection do not feel sick and do not have any symptoms, notes Dr Joseph Sitienei, who heads the Division of Communicable Disease Prevention and Control.
Whereas these people incubate the bacteria, they do not have TB disease. “That means that we can only know whether or not they have the infection by testing, after which we put them on treatment before the disease develops,” Dr Sitienei adds.
Overall, without treatment, it is estimated that about five to 10 per cent of infected persons will develop TB disease at some time in their lives.
“That is why we need to kill the bacteria,” he says.
A person needs to inhale only a few of these germs to become infected.
However, persons with compromised immune systems, such as people living with HIV, malnutrition or diabetes, or people who use tobacco, are at a much higher risk of falling ill.
Kenya is among 22 countries considered to have a high burden of TB, including multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).
“One of the biggest challenges is poor adherence to medication. Some of the contributing factors to this include the ongoing drought and lack of water. TB kills very fast because the powerful drugs make patients quite hungry, and if there is nothing to eat they will simply not take the drugs,” Dr Sitienei explains.
Meanwhile, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed a new way to deliver antibiotics in an effort to reduce healthcare costs and cure more patients.
The device consists of a coiled wire loaded with antibiotics, which is inserted into the patient’s stomach through a nasogastric tube whose shape can change depending on temperature.
By AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, Washington, United States, Mar 23 – The ovaries of transgender men appear to remain functional even after a year of receiving hormonal treatment with testosterone, according to a small Israeli study presented Saturday in the United States.
Transgender men are born female but self-identify as male. Not all of them undergo gender reassignment surgery but lots of them take hormones to make their bodies more masculine.
Doctors from Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center studied 52 transgender men aged between 17 and 40 for a year after they began receiving injections of testosterone.
They had access to the complete results for 32 of them, which is a small sample but studies of this kind are rare.
“Our research shows for the first time that after one year of testosterone treatment, ovary function is preserved to a degree that may allow reproduction,” said the study’s lead investigator, Yona Greenman.
“This information is important for transgender men and their partners who desire to have their own children,” Greenman said.
The level of the Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) dropped off after 12 months of treatment but remained in the normal range for fertility, said the researchers, who will present their findings at the annual conference of the Endocrine Society in New Orleans this weekend.
The level of this hormone is an indicator of the so-called ovarian reserve and is used by doctors to assess the remaining egg supply.
There seems to be little chance of a reprieve for Kenyans against the ongoing drought even as they expect the long rains to start pouring down later this month.
This is because the drought, which has left at least 1.1 million people in need of urgent food aid, will not be ending soon and may actually spread out according to the latest predictions by the Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD).
Cyclone Idai may have killed more than 500 people and devastated thousands in the southern African nations of Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, but in Kenya, the storm is expected to leave millions hungrier, according to KMD.
According to the weatherman, the onset of long rains has delayed because the cyclone delayed the movement of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) — a belt of low pressure near the equator, “where trade winds of the northern and southern hemispheres come together” to create favourable conditions for rains.
As the government and food aid agencies continue distributing food and water to starving Kenyans in different parts especially in Turkana, Baringo and some parts of Coast and northern Kenya, more will need food aid in the coming months as the March-April- May rainfall is expected to be short and sparsely distributed.
Although above-average rainfall for most parts of the country was expected except for parts of Eastern Kenya and the Coastal regions in accordance with the Climate Outlook, the situation has abruptly changed due to the cyclone, said KMD in its latest weather update.
“The seasonal rainfall onset was also expected to be timely over several parts of the country. However, a tropical cyclone known as “IDAI” located in the Mozambican Channel has delayed the northward movement of the rain-bearing ITCZ,” said Stella Aura, the Acting director of meteorological services at KMD, in a briefing.
According to the update, “the cyclone significantly reduced moisture influx into the country and led to the continued sunny and dry weather conditions over the better part of the country.”
And more depressing is the fact that there is a possibility of more tropical cyclones which may further delay rains in the eastern parts of the country and prolonged dry spells in the western counties despite timely onset of the rains.
Also in play is the neutral to cooler than average sea surface temperatures along the Kenyan Coast and very warm sea surface temperatures to the east of which contributed to the delay in the establishment of the ITCZ over Kenya.